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八年级上册英语课堂笔记(1-6单元)

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八年级上册课堂笔记(1-6单元)

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

1,一般过去时

基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他;

否定形式:①was / were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原动词;

一般疑问句:①Was/Were+主语+其他?②Did+主语+动词原形+其他?

2,动词过去式规则变化:直接加ed;以不发音e结尾的单词,直接加d;以辅音字母+y结尾的,变y为i加ed;以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加ed;以重读闭音节结尾的,双写最后的辅音字母+ed

不规则变化的动词过去式(见书本最后一页)

3,go on vacation去度假be on vacation在度假

4,a nyone任何人,只用于指人,一般用在否定句、疑问句中,后面不接of 短语。做主语时位于动词用单数。Eg:Is there anyone at home?

any one任何一个,指人或物,后面接of 短语。Eg:You can take any one of these books. 5,adj修饰不定代词后置anything special something important

enough作adv,修饰adj/ adv 后置old enough fast enough

else作adj,修饰疑问代词和不定代词后置what else who else something else 6,quite a few/ little 相当多

7,How/ what about+V-ing/ n/ 代词…怎么样?(表建议、询问)

8,most students= most of the students

“one of +the most +adj +n复数”表示“最…之一”

Eg:He is one of the most famous writers in China.

A most +adj +n 非常Eg:Hangzhou is a most beautiful city.

9,buy/ get sb sth= buy/ get sth for sb

10,what do you think of/ about…?= how do you like…?你认为…怎么样?

11,have fun,enjoy oneself,have a good/ great/ wonderful time+V-ing,

12,主语+ seem+(to be)+表语(n/adj)eg:Tom seems to be a smart boy/ happy.

It seems that从句eg:It seems that he understand.

主语+ seem to do sth eg:He seems to understand.

13,adj 以-ing结尾“令人…的”exciting,interesting,relaxing,boring

以-ed结尾“人感到…的”excited,interested,relaxed,bored

14,询问价格:How much is…? What’s the price of…?

表示价格高低:…be expensive/ cheap

The price of …is high/ low

15,get to, arrive in/at, reach,到达(如果后面接地点的副词home,here或there,就不用介词in ,at, to)

16,decide(not)to do

decide that从句

decide+疑问词+不定式

17,try(not)to do sth尽力

try doing sth 尝试

try/ do one’s best to do sth

try it on试穿(动副结构)try out试验have a try试一试

18,feel like感觉像feel like doing sth/ want to do sth/ would like to do sth

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